Cannabis clinics are in every major city for patients looking for CBD and THC oil to treat various illnesses and disorders. But what is the magical CBD component of cannabis and what medical conditions can it treat?
Topical CBD and THC oils are being produced and prescribed for various medical conditions in Australia. CBD oil is quickly becoming the leading treatment for epilepsy, anxiety, chronic pain, nausea, insomnia, skin diseases, and much more. CBD’s most important attributes are its analgesic for pain and ant-inflammatory properties.
The ECS has an essential responsibility of controlling various functions of the body, such as mood and memory.
The ECS has a variety of receptors such as CB1 and CB2. The CB1 receptors occur in the central nervous system. However, CB2 exists in the extremities, the digestion system and the immune system.
CBD attaches itself onto the CB2 and CB1 receptors to regulate multiple functions such as anxiety, mood, pain and memory.
Therefore, the medical treatment of CBD may have a positive effect on the body.
Where Does CBD Come From?
CBD occurs in both cannabis, hemp and marijuana, plants. What distinguishes the two plants is the amount of CBD they contain. The hemp plant contains a higher amount of CBD than its counterpart, the marijuana (weed) plant which has high concentrations of THC.
CBD oil is extracted from hemp and cannabis plant using multiple processes including CO2 extraction, solvent extraction, olive oil extraction and dry ice extraction.
CO2 extraction procedure entails the usage of supercritical carbon dioxide to derive cannabis compounds from the hemp plant.
The supercritical elements possess the properties of being liquids and gases. The CO2 extraction method is the safest and produces high-quality CBD.
The solvent extraction method entails the usage of ethanol to remove CBD and other chemicals from the cannabis plant.
It’s a simple and affordable method, but is not widely used during the commercial manufacturing of cannabis oil.
The ice water extraction works by creating hash from the extracts. It’s an inexpensive method which applies simple technology. This is most commonly used in smaller commercial operations in the U.S. or Canada.
Chronic pain is one of the conditions that afflict many people globally. Conventional drugs used in chronic pain treatment have multiple side effects.
CBD, however, has superior analgesic and sedative qualities with minimal side effects. CBD makes it possible for non-absorption of anandamide into the blood.
Due to its anti-inflammatory and ant-pain effects, CBD is used to treat various conditions, including osteoarthritis, fibromyalgia, and joint pains. When treating chronic pain in joints, apply CBD topical or cream directly to the affected part of your body.
CBD is useful in the treatment of a variety of skin conditions, including psoriasis, acne, dermatitis.
At the moment, psoriasis doesn’t have a cure. CBD is useful in the treatment of psoriasis because it reduces the rate of skin cell division.
The anti-inflammatory properties of CBD help to soothe the pain and inflammation associated with the condition.
Acne is a skin disease that occurs as a result of too much production of sebum.
CBD is helpful in the treatment of acne because it reduces the production of sebum.
Additionally, the anti-inflammatory properties of the compound assist in reducing the inflammation and pain associated with the condition.
A common skin condition in children is dermatitis. The disease is characterised by an itchy skin on the affected part of the body.
Doctors commonly prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs that are, in most cases, ineffective the treatment of the condition. However, CBD oil is dominant in the treatment of the disease due to its multiple properties, including anti-inflammatory and soothing abilities.
Due to its therapeutic properties, CBD is used to treat various kinds of conditions including anxiety, cancer, depression, swelling, neurodegenerative diseases, specific skin diseases and others.
The CBD derived from hemp is higher than the one from the cannabis plant.
In this regard, if you consume hemp-derived CBD, you’ll have a more profound experience than consuming cannabis-derived CBD. However, CBD can be combined with THC to work synergistically and deliver the desired effect.
What Are The Different Types Of CBD Products?
CBD products come in various forms, including full-spectrum, isolate, and broad-spectrum.
A full-spectrum CBD product has multiple chemicals found in the cannabis plant, including terpenes, THC, cannabinol (CBN).
In case you take a full-spectrum CBD, you may have a euphoric feeling due to the presence of THC.
Additionally, many people prefer full-spectrum because it’s useful in the treatment of various conditions.
Other compounds like terpenes and CBN found in the cannabis plant are present in full-spectrum, meaning that its efficacy is high.
Research indicates that CBN and specific terpenes have anti-fungal and anti-bacterial properties.
Most people prefer a full spectrum over isolate due to the former’s ‘entourage effect.’ This means that the cannabis chemicals work synergistically to offer the best relief to a variety of conditions.
The isolate CBD is pure meaning that you can’t experience a high feeling after its consumption.
It’s suitable for consumers who don’t want any THC-infused product. Isolate CBD is also preferable in areas where THC is illegal.
Broad-spectrum CBD is a combination of both isolate and full spectrum. However, a broad spectrum product does not contain any amount of THC.
The absence of THC in this product means that you can’t have a euphoric feeling in case you take it.
The Universal Applications Of CBD
CBD benefits are multiple. The compound can treat various conditions including pain, anxiety and depression, treatment of cancer and others.
CBD is also useful in the cosmetic industry where it’s used in manufacturing lotions, topical applications, creams and others.
The topical CBD has been introduced to the cosmetics industry as a way to treat dry skin, eczema and psoriasis.
This makes it a popular ingredient of body creams and lotions. You can even find CBD Lip Balm as it alleviates pain and inflammation from cracked skin while moisturising.
The Entourage Effect
The entourage effect is the theory that all the compounds in the cannabis plant work together to provide the best results.
This could explain why patients using synthetic cannabinoids, like Marinol, a lab-created THC, doesn’t work as well for some as a whole plant medicine that contains more than 100 additional cannabinoids, including CBD.
In high doses, the phytocannabinoid without psychoactive responses can reduce the effects of THC that some users find it hard to tolerate.
Researchers came a step further by showing the theory is accurate with Sativex, a legal, plant-based medication, which combines THC and CBD.
The CBD reduces the anxiety and paranoia that some people experience with high doses of THC.
However, that doesn’t mean that THC and CBD isolates are less effective. Instead, these have their place in cannabinoid medicine.
For example, the same article in Wired Magazine that discusses marijuana and the entourage effect highlights the positives of THC for treating glaucoma.
Indiana University researcher, Alex Straiker, explains the problems they’ve come across in cannabinoid studies with CBD and THC.
“We found that it works, and THC does a nice job. But it’s actually blocked by CBD. People often think, oh yeah, CBD and THC work together. But in terms of CB1 receptor signalling, they actually oppose each other, or at least CBD opposes THC.”
The CBD compound derived from both hemp and cannabis plant has multiple medicinal properties.
The chemical is specifically useful in the treatment and management of various diseases. This blog has delved into a variety of benefits that are derived from CBD.
James is an experienced writer and legal cannabis advocate in Australia. He answers all the questions about business, legalisation and medicinal cannabis.
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